Recita Julio Cortázar
When you learn that I have died, do not pronounce my name
because it will hold back my death and rest.

Your voice, which is the sounding of the five senses,
would be the dim beacon sought by my mist.

When you learn that I have died, whisper strange syllables.
Pronounce flower, bee, teardrop, bread, storm.

Do not let your lips find my eleven letters.
I have dreams, I loved, I have earned my silence.

Do not pronounce my name when you learn that I have died
from the dark earth I would come for your voice.

Do not pronounce my name, do not say my name
When you learn that I have died, do not pronounce my name.

Roque Dalton

Roque Dalton García (San Salvador, 14 de mayo de 1935 – 10 de mayo de 1975) fue un poeta, ensayista, narrador, dramaturgo y periodista salvadoreño.

Hijo del inmigrante estadounidense Winnall Dalton, quien estaba casado con Aída Ulloa, y de la enfermera salvadoreña María Josefa García, Roque Dalton fue educado con los jesuitas en el Colegio Externado San José. Viajó a Santiago en 1953, donde ingresó en la Facultad de Derecho de la Universidad de Chile, aunque más tarde volvió a San Salvador a continuar sus estudios. En 1957, con otros estudiantes salvadoreños, visitó la URSS para participar en el VI Festival Mundial de la Juventud y los Estudiantes, durante el cual conoció a intelectuales y políticos que luego cobrarían relevancia en el contexto internacional, como el revolucionario nicaragüense Carlos Fonseca, fundador del FSLN, el escritor guatemalteco que ganaría el Premio Nobel años más tarde, Miguel Ángel Asturias, los poetas Juan Gelman, argentino, y Nazim Hikmet, turco.

Fundó el Círculo Literario Universitario (1956) junto con el poeta guatemalteco exiliado en El Salvador Otto René Castillo. En esta iniciativa participaron otros poetas salvadoreños contemporáneos, como Manlio Argueta, José Roberto Cea y Tirso Canales. Dalton es considerado una de las voces más influyentes de la Generación Comprometida.

Encarcelado en 1960, fue liberado en octubre de ese año, al ser derrocado el presidente José María Lemus. Roque Dalton recorrió el mundo, viajó a países como la Unión Soviética y Corea del Norte, y vivió temporadas largas en México, Checoslovaquia y en Cuba.

Roque Dalton continuó la estirpe de poetas como Oswaldo Escobar Velado y Pedro Geoffroy Rivas, quienes impulsaron años antes una literatura de denuncia, que describía con cruda realidad la situación económica y social del país.

Roque fue asesinado por sus propios compañeros del Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo (ERP), la guerrilla a la cual pertenecía en ese momento, junto con el obrero Armando Arteaga, Pancho, bajo la acusación de ser agente de la CIA y de trabajar también para la inteligencia cubana, además de insubordinación ante la Dirección Nacional de la organización. Las acusaciones fueron desmentidas después. El ERP era liderado por Alejandro Rivas Mira. Los otros miembros del ERP que se encontraban al frente de la organización al momento del asesinato son Jorge Meléndez, Vladimir Rogel y Joaquín Villalobos, quien en varias ocasiones se responsabilizó del crimen, aunque también se ha desmentido. En 1993 relató a los hijos del poeta las circunstancias del asesinato, lo que fue publicado en el periódico mexicano Excélsior. Poco más de un año después del asesinato, Villalobos pasó a dirigir el ERP y posteriormente formó parte de la comandancia general del Frente Farabundo Martí para la Liberación Nacional (FMLN), calidad en la que fue firmante de los acuerdos de paz de 1992. No se conocen con exactitud los detalles de su asesinato, ni se sabe quién o quiénes lo ejecutaron. Tampoco se tienen datos exactos sobre el lugar donde fue ejecutado. Existen dos versiones: una, que fue en una casa de seguridad del ERP ubicada en el Barrio Santa Anita, al sur de la capital salvadoreña; la otra, que ocurrió en la zona conocida como El Playón, un lugar de lava seca del volcán de San Salvador. Ambas versiones han sido sostenidas por diferentes participantes de la guerra civil.  wikipedia

Roque Dalton en mundospropios

Roque Dalton

English
Roque Dalton García (San Salvador, El Salvador, 14 May 1935 – Quezaltepeque, El Salvador, 10 May 1975) was a Salvadoran poet and journalist. He is considered one of Latin America’s most compelling poets. He wrote emotionally strong, sometimes sarcastic, and image-loaded works dealing with life, death, love, and politics.

In 1961 he travelled to Havana, where he was welcomed by Casa de las Américas, a gathering place for many exiled leftist Latin American writers. Dalton returned clandestinely to El Salvador in 1965 but was soon caught and taken prisoner. He awaited execution in Cojutepeque, but he was miraculously saved. There was an earthquake and the wall from his prison cell fell down. Dalton took advantage of this and escaped. He slipped into a passing religious procession and managed to meet his fellow revolutionaries who helped him escape to Cuba again. He was then sent to Prague as a correspondent for The International Review: Problems for Peace and Socialism. While he was in Prague, he wrote his internationally acclaimed Taberna y Otros Lugares. He also produced a landmark biography of Miguel Mármol, a prominent Salvadoran communist who participated in the 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising and was living in exile in Prague.

In 1970 Roque Dalton had become a recognized figure in the Salvadoran left. He tried hard to become a revolutionary soldier, for which reason he participated in military training camps in Cuba several times. He once wrote: “Politics are taken up at the risk of life, or else you don’t talk about it”.

Roque Dalton (1937–75) was the major literary figure and an important political architect of the revolutionary movement in El Salvador. Dalton represents a new type of Latin American writer: no longer the genial ‘fellow traveler’ of the revolution, like Pablo Neruda, but rather the rank and file revolutionary activist for whom the intricate cabbala of clandestine struggle-pass- words, safe houses, escape routes, forged documents, sectarian squabbles- was as familiar as Parisian surrealism. A dangerous and difficult profession, in which the event that seals a writer’s reputation is often precocious martyrdom.

When he felt ready as a soldier, he sought admission in the Salvadoran Marxist-Leninist, political-military organization FPL -Fuerzas Populares de Liberación “Farabundo Marti-” (Popular Liberation Forces “Farabundo Marti” in English). However, the organization’s leader, Commander “Marcial” (whose real name was Salvador Cayetano Carpio), rejected his application, arguing that Roque’s role in the revolution was as a poet, and not as a foot-soldier. Because of this, he applied to join the ERP – Ejército Revolucionario del Pueblo- (People’s Revolutionary Army in English). Though Dalton himself was not allowed to become part of the FPL, both his sons joined the FPL in the late 70s. Roque Dalton’s military career also included cooperation with Guatemalan revolutionaries in creating EGP – Ejército Guerrillero de los Pobres (Guerrilla Army of the Poor in English).

Once an active member in ERP, Dalton stressed the importance of establishing bonds with the organizations from civil society. Some of the other members of ERP disagreed with him. They accused him of trying to divide the organization. This group, whose most internationally known leader was Joaquin Villalobos (“Atilio”), allegedly condemned him to death on 10 May 1975, only four days before Roque was to turn 40. Therefore, Dalton’s literary production stopped when a group of commandos, whose members were Joaquin Villalobos and Jorge Melendez (nom de guerre ‘Jonas’) ended his life. This commando was sent by Edgar Alejandro Rivas Mira. Roque was shot to death in a house in Santa Anita neighbourhood in San Salvador city. There were possibly others involved in his execution, but these are the ones still alive today: Villalobos settled in Great Britain; Melendez is an MP for San Salvador City for FMLN and Rivas Mira hides behind plastic surgeries, which were paid with money obtained from the kidnapping and murder of the multi-millionaire Roberto Poma. The most commonly accepted version of facts suggests that Dalton was “mistakenly accused” of operating as an agent for the CIA, reason for which he was executed. In this way his murder bears resemblance to that of Anna Mae Aquash, an American Indian Movement activist who was mistakenly identified as an FBI informer.

In 1975, he was back in El Salvador working in the underground. This was a difficult time for the revolutionary movement, and Dalton’s own organization, the ERP, was torn by a bitter factional fight. Dalton criticized the organization’s military adventurism and argued the need to build a mass base. Under circumstances that still remain obscure, he was accused of complicity with the CIA and assassinated by members of a rival faction of the ERP.

Wikipedia